The evaluations and analyses done to the maca hypocotyls (root) has established that it is an extraordinary food and a great source of amino acids, proteins, complex carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and essential nutrients.
These are the main constitutive units of the Proteins. Maca has Leucine, Arginine, Phenylalanine, Lysine, Glycine, Alanine, Valine, Isoleucine, Glutamic Acid, Seina, Aspartic Acid and others in less proportion
These are the most abundant compounds in the organism. When a food has proteins with all the essential amino acids, it is said that it has high quality or good quality proteins.
These are found in grains and vegetables; simple and complex carbohydrates supply glucose, but complex carbohydrates supply many nutritious advantages such as vitamins, minerals, and fiber that are found in food containing complex carbohydrates
These are a group of essential substances used for the normal functioning of cells, growth and development. The analyses have established an important content of vitamins: A, Thiamine (B1,) Riboflavin (B2,) Niacin (B3,) Pantothenic Acid (B5,) Pyridoxine (B6,) Biotin (B7,) Folic Acid (B9,) Cyanocobalamin (B12) and C.
These are the essential chemical elements used for the normal metabolic functioning. Among the minerals found in maca there are Calcium, Sodium, Potassium, Phosphorus, Magnesium and Sulphur; also: Copper, Iron, Manganese, Chrome, Zinc, Aluminum, Titanium, Selenium, etc.
Maca has a series of bioactive components such as glucosinolates, sterols, phenolic compounds and fat acids that supply the therapeutic effects.
Glucosinolates: The glucosinolates (group of glucosides that contain sulphur) are anti-carcinogen compounds of plants that provide to the cruciferous vegetables their good reputation as cancer fighters. Maca glucosinolates are benzyl isothiocyanate, p-methoxybenzyle isothiocyanate.
Sterols: These are a large subgroup of compounds similar to the steroids found in plants and animals. Maca has five natural sterols: sitosterol, campesterol, ergosterol, brassicasterol and ergostadienol.